News PeruAmericas Organisation Latin America’s community radio – a key service but vulnerable RSF_en Reporters without borders expressed concern over reports that Moisés Wolfenson, owner of an opposition press group, was threatened with imprisonment byindividuals close to President Alejandro Toledo if he refused to modify hisnewspapers’ editorial line in favour of the current government. “If confirmed, these practices would be a sad reminder of those in force during the presidency of Alberto Fujimori, when he threatened legal sanctions against the directors of television networks that criticised his management,” stated Robert Ménard, the organisation’s secretary-general.In a letter to President Toledo, Reporters without borders called for an inquiry into the authenticity of the threats and for the perpetrators to be punished.According to information obtained by Reporters without borders, on 22 June 2002, Radio 11.60, an all-news radio station in Lima, revealed that Wolfenson was allegedly threatened by individuals linked to President Toledo during a meeting. Theradio station broadcast an extract of a recording of a conversation, tapedby anti-corruption police without the knowledge of the parties involved, inwhich one can hear Salomón Lerner, head of a public financial organisation,threaten Wolfenson with imprisonment if he refuses to modify hispublications’ editorial line in favour of the government. Wolfenson hasconfirmed the recording’s content. He is the owner of the dailies ElChino, El Men, Todo Sport and La Razón, a newspaper close to theopposition party of ex-president Alan García (leftist). Accused of receivingbribes from Vladimiro Montesinos, the former intelligence chief duringPresident Fujimori’s regime, Wolfenson has been subject to house arrest forthe last month. News Help by sharing this information June 24, 2002 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Press group owner threatened by individuals close to President Toledo Latin American media: under control of families, economic and political elites Receive email alerts News April 1, 2020 Find out more PeruAmericas December 4, 2019 Find out more to go further News Follow the news on Peru February 10, 2017 Find out more China’s diplomats must stop attacking media over coronavirus reporting
Top StoriesConception That House Makers Do Not “Work” Or That They Do Not Add Economic Value To The Household Is A Problematic Idea: SC In Motor Vehicle Compensation Case LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK5 Jan 2021 7:36 AMShare This – xThe conception that house makers do not “work” or that they do not add economic value to the household is a problematic idea that has persisted for many years and must be overcome, Justice NV Ramana observed in a judgment delivered today in an appeal arising out of a motor accident compensation claim.The court was disposing an appeal arising out of Motor Accident…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe conception that house makers do not “work” or that they do not add economic value to the household is a problematic idea that has persisted for many years and must be overcome, Justice NV Ramana observed in a judgment delivered today in an appeal arising out of a motor accident compensation claim.The court was disposing an appeal arising out of Motor Accident Compensation Claim filed by heirs of a deceased couple who died in an accident. One of the deceased in this case was a house maker. In this case, the Motor Accident Claims Tribunal awarded a total sum of Rs 40.71 lakhs for both deceased to the claimants. Partly allowing the appeal filed by Insurance Company, the High Court reversed the addition of future prospects.Allowing the appeal filed by claimants, the bench enhanced the total motor accident compensation of Rs 22 lakhs awarded by the High Court to the claimants by Rs 11.20 lakhs to reach a new total of Rs 33.20 lakhs. The judge penned a separate opinion while concurring with the judgment authored by Justice Surya Kant. In his opinion, the Judge noted that there are two distinct categories of situations wherein the Court determines notional income of a victim. The first category of cases relates to those wherein the victim was employed, but the claimants are not able to prove her actual income, before the Court. In such a situation, the Court “guesses” the income of the victim on the basis of the evidence on record, like the quality of life being led by the victim and her family, the general earning of an individual employed in that field, the qualifications of the victim, and other considerations, the judge said.The second category of cases, the judge said, relates to those situations wherein the Court is called upon to determine the income of a nonearning victim, such as a child, a student or a homemaker. In this context, the judge noted that in India, according to the 2011 Census, nearly 159.85 million women stated that “household work” was their main occupation, as compared to only 5.79 million men. The judge made the following observations:”The sheer amount of time and effort that is dedicated to household work by individuals, who are more likely to be women than men, is not surprising when one considers the plethora of activities a house maker undertakes. A house maker often prepares food for the entire family, manages the procurement of groceries and other household shopping needs, cleans and manages the house and its surroundings, undertakes decoration, repairs and maintenance work, looks after the needs of the children and any aged member of the household, manages budgets and so much more. In rural households, they often also assist in the sowing, harvesting and transplanting activities in the field, apart from tending cattle.””The issue of fixing notional income for a homemaker, therefore, serves extremely important functions. It is a recognition of the multitude of women who are engaged in this activity, whether by choice or as a result of social/cultural norms. It signals to society at large that the law and the Courts of the land believe in the value of the labour, services and sacrifices of homemakers. It is an acceptance of the idea that these activities contribute in a very real way to the economic condition of the family, and the economy of the nation, regardless of the fact that it may have been traditionally excluded from economic analyses. It is a reflection of changing attitudes and mindsets and of our international law obligations. And, most importantly, it is a step towards the constitutional vision of social equality and ensuring dignity of life to all individuals.”Observing thus, the judge summarized his opinion regarding the issue of calculation of notional income for homemakers and the grant of future prospects with respect to them, as follows:Grant of compensation, on a pecuniary basis, with respect to a homemaker, is a settled proposition of law. Taking into account the gendered nature of housework, with an overwhelming percentage of women being engaged in the same as compared to men, the fixing of notional income of a homemaker attains special significance. It becomes a recognition of the work, labour and sacrifices of homemakers and a reflection of changing attitudes. It is also in furtherance of our nation’s international law obligations and our constitutional vision of social equality and ensuring dignity to all.Various methods can be employed by the Court to fix the notional income of a homemaker, depending on the facts and circumstances of the case. The Court should ensure while choosing the method, and fixing the notional income, that the same is just in the facts and circumstances of the particular case, neither assessing the compensation too conservatively, nor too liberally.The granting of future prospects, on the notional income calculated in such cases, is a component of just compensation. Case: Kirti vs. Oriental Insurance Company Ltd [CIVIL APPEAL NOS.1920 of 2021]Coram: Justices NV Ramana, S. Abdul Nazeer and Surya KantCitation: LL 2021 SC 2Click here to Read/Download JudgmentRead JudgmentNext Story
For all the Latest Sports News News, ICC World Cup News, Download News Nation Android and iOS Mobile Apps. New Delhi: Australian all-rounder Marcus Stoinis has been ruled out of clash against Pakistan to be held at The Cooper Associates County Ground in Taunton. Stoinis is suffering from a side strain and Mitchell Marsh has been brought as a replacement in the Aussies squad.The all-rounder has played all the three games for his team and picked up the injury during the match against India at The Kennington Oval on Sunday.Australian skipper Aaron Finch during the press conference said, “Marcus Stoinis has a bit of a side strain. He won’t be available for tomorrow. So we’re going to have to juggle around especially that allrounder spot’’.Also read | Who can replace injured Shikhar Dhawan in India’s World Cup 2019 squad? Know hereTalking about the upcoming encounter, match number 17, on one hand, five-time world champs Australia has played three matches as of now and has won two out of three games.On the other hand, Pakistan has played two games and tasted both a win and a defeat while their third match against Sri Lanka got washed out and the teams shared one point each. Talking statistically, Australia and Pakistan has faced each other nine times in the World Cup where Aussies has managed to win five games while the 1992 world champs has won on four occasions.Also read | ICC World Cup 2019: Australia vs Pakistan Dream11 Prediction, Fantasy Playing XIIf you like to play Fantasy sports game, then, you may want to check out our possible Playing XI for the upcoming game.