Liverpool have announced the loan signing of QPR centre-back Steven Caulker.Manager Jurgen Klopp was keen to bring in defensive reinforcements this month after hamstring injuries to Martin Skrtel and Dejan Lovren left him short of options.A deal for the 24-year-old, who had been on loan at Southampton, was finalised swiftly and the paperwork submitted ahead of the noon deadline, meaning he is eligible for selection to face Arsenal on Wednesday.Caulker is expected to train with his new team-mates on Tuesday afternoon after travelling from London.He has made just eight appearances for Southampton this season – the last of which came against Liverpool in last month’s 6-1 Capital One Cup quarter-final defeat – but only one of those was a Premier League start, back in August.On that basis his loan deal was cancelled, allowing him to make the move to Merseyside.Liverpool’s scouting department are more than familiar with the former Tottenham defender as he was a target for previous manager Brendan Rodgers.Kolo Toure (cramp) and Mamadou Sakho (knee) both look likely to be fit to face the Gunners, so the best Caulker can hope for is a place on the bench. Steven Caulker 1
In response to claims in the media that many states are passing bills to mandate the teaching of intelligent design along with evolution, Seth Cooper on the Evolution News blog has listed 10 states where evolution bills are being debated and three more where discussions are taking place in the legislature. Contrary to media reports, most states are not mandating the teaching of I.D. but rather seeking ways to permit alternatives to evolution to be heard. (The Discovery Institute does not recommend mandating the teaching of intelligent design in public schools.) The highest-visibility case is in Kansas. The Wichita Eagle reported that one member of the school board is considering additional changes to the standards to allow further criticism of evolutionary theories, but the majority are working to clarify the wording of the new standards that take effect in the fall. Tom Magnuson at ARN.org claims the Kansas City Star reporter gave an inaccurate description of the situation and made major misstatements.Since reporters often fail to do their homework and repeat the propaganda of the Darwin Party, it is important as always to have one’s Baloney Detector in good working condition. Notice, for instance, how the Wichita Eagle labels the pro-evolutionists with the mild term “moderates” as opposed to the “conservative” members arguing for change. What other political labels can you come up with for these opposing groups that could spin the story either way? (Visited 7 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Is there any logical or empirical reason why science journals and secular reporters should always take the pro-abortion position?Pardon, Big Science, your bias is showing. When it comes to abortion and other ethical controversies, secular journals and science editors almost always throw in their lot with the leftist, progressive, liberal crowd who chant for abortion on demand, unlimited access to embryonic stem cells, funding for Planned Parenthood, and other Democrat Party platform positions. Why is that? Don’t they realize they themselves could have been aborted? Do they have any scientific evidence that an unborn baby is not a person? No. The bias is clear; any restrictions on abortion are viewed as bad. Any limits on access to human embryos and fetal tissue are presented as a step “backward” for society. Here are some examples.One-Sided Coverage on AbortionLawsuits challenge abortion restrictions in 3 states (Medical Xpress). David Crary’s story from Nov. 30 opens with a photo of a crowd of pro-abortion protestors holding signs that stay “Stand with Planned Parenthood.” His first sentence sets the tone: “Taking the offensive after Election Day setbacks, Planned Parenthood and its allies filed lawsuits Wednesday in North Carolina, Missouri and Alaska challenging laws that they view as unconstitutional restrictions on abortion.” Setbacks? Some people see them as overdue correctives. Does Crary provide any balance? Lower down one finds the only mention of “pro-life” – “They realize the sense of urgency to head to the courts now knowing that the judicial landscape will change under a pro-life President Trump.”Denying Abortion Access May Harm Women’s Mental Health (Live Science). Reporter Agata Blaszczak-Boxe displays bias right in the headline. Her concern is only about the “mental health” of the woman, an extremely subjective measure. She shows absolutely no interest in the mental health, physical health, or “life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness” of the child, or the pain it feels as it is ripped apart or burned alive in saline solution. The reporter’s interest only concerns the woman’s feelings. “The new results show that denying women an abortion may have more negative effects on their mental health than allowing women to get the abortion,” she writes, quoting a “study” about it. She tries to equate abortion with science, even: “The findings also suggest that doctors should provide women who are considering an abortion with the most accurate scientific information to help them make decisions related to their pregnancies, the researchers said.” Why could not the “most accurate scientific information” show ultrasound of the baby with a beating heart, emotional expressions, responding to its mother, and other indications of personhood? Another story on Medical Xpress illustrates the same bias, concerned only with the “negative psychological outcomes” of those who have been “denied” abortion. Now watch Gianna Jessen, survivor of a saline abortion, talk about the arrogance of those who ‘determine that the stronger should dominate the weaker, and should determine who lives or dies.” She may have disabilities because of her experience surviving premeditated murder by an abortionist, but her passion for life speaks volumes about the worth of a human being.Ohio pulls license of 1 of state’s last few abortion clinics (Medical Xpress). Julie Carr Smyth writes, “Ohio has revoked the operating license of one of the state’s few remaining abortion clinics on the grounds that it failed to obtain a required transfer agreement with a nearby hospital for emergencies.” This article at least quotes some pro-life spokespersons, but quickly quotes a NARAL (National Abortion Rights Action League) spokeswoman asserting, “We will not let politics get in the way of health care.” Health care? No health care for the baby (see loaded words: euphemism in the Baloney Detector). Politics? The unborn baby didn’t get a vote. Smyth further portrays “anti-abortion” groups as if they are engaged in underhanded tactics to restrict abortion. Once again, she shows absolutely no interest in the rights of the unborn child.Human Embryos as Science ToysIt’s time to relax the rules on growing human embryos in the lab (New Scientist). Ask yourself if Sam Wong’s quote of a researcher provides sufficient justification for dissecting a human embryo: “It’s one of the most critical phases of our early development and we don’t know anything about it.” Sure, science wants to know. But try that reasoning on killing a child right after it is born – or even an adult human, for that matter, because science wants to learn more. Try this quote: “We shouldn’t think that somehow 14 days was a line at which Parliament had previously decided the embryo was sacrosanct.” Isn’t Sam Wong admitting that anything after fertilization is arbitrary? Sacrosanct means sacred, untouchable.It might be too soon to shift the 14-day line, but it’s worth beginning the conversation, says Rossant. “There are lots of inputs that need to be considered, ethical, legal, societal, as well as the scientific.”Clearly, some scientists are eager to cut up human embryos. Let’s review the reasons: (1) they don’t know much about them, (2) the date is arbitrary, so what can we get away with? and (3) adult humans (including scientists) are the bestowers of rights, because an embryo has no inherent personhood until we bestow it. “This is not a decision for scientists,” says Brivanlou. “It’s a decision we must make as humans.” Sounds good, but it leaves out any thought of a Creator’s will. Thomas Jefferson famously said (speaking for all the American founding fathers) that we are “endowed by our Creator” with rights, including life.Mexico proposal to ban human-embryo research would stifle science (Nature). Reporter Sara Reardon equates cutting up human embryos with “science.” That’s why Nature‘s editors allow her to decry any kind of “ban” (a loaded word) on unrestricted access to human embryos. “They want to eliminate an entire area of research in Mexico.” Oh, those poor scientists! That’s the implication. Try that rationale on Nazi experiments. Astonishingly, Reardon finds “Human-rights groups have joined scientists in opposing the proposed amendment,” leading pro-lifers to shake their heads in disbelief. Human-rights groups?Researchers turn back the clock on human embryonic stem cells (Phys.org). Here’s another example of fear-mongering in the biased media. Any ethical restriction on the freedom of scientists to use human embryos as research toys is called an effort to “turn back the clock.” Yes, let us all make progress toward the death of personhood! But why even play with ESC’s (embryonic stem cells) when adult cells can be induced back to stemness, providing a resource without the ethical qualms? Scientists try to make arguments that ESC’s are somehow better. Other reports, though, have indicated that is not the case (e.g., 6/12/16).Science and PersonhoodPopular animations of human reproduction show embryos undergoing a seamless transition from zygote to baby, clearly an irreversible process set in motion at conception with the goal of bringing another human being into the world. Live Science reports that soon it may be possible to give the mother crystal-clear 3-D images of the baby in her womb. Is Taylor Kubota glad that this may provide more reasons not to abort? Not entirely; “Aside from its potential to give parents an extra-special sneak peek at their bundle of joy, this imaging technology could provide new options for evaluating the health and development of a fetus, the researchers said.” What happens if a health problem is found in the womb? If you want to know what Big Science thinks about that eventuality, connect the dots with the previous stories. Notice the word fetus instead of baby, a common euphemism in Big Science reporting.2017 list of emerging ethical dilemmas and policy issues in science and technology (Phys.org). For those interested in the mindset of science in the new year, the University of Notre Dame lists ten points where scientists are set to clash with ethicists and policy makers. For more in the fallibility of scientists, see Darren Curnoe’s admission on The Conversation, where he calls the classification of humans into separate races “The biggest mistake in the history of science.” Historians know, regretfully, that many leading scientists, many of a Darwinian stripe, lent pseudo-scientific support to “scientific racism” and eugenics that shamed the reputation of science for a century. Have today’s scientists learned their lesson? Don’t count on it. It’s not difficult to imagine future historians looking back and wagging their heads at some of today’s “scientific consensus” positions.As we have been showing recently, Big Science has corrupted itself. Its institutions, universities, labs, and science media act as special interest groups for the Democrat Party and other leftist progressive secularist liberal pressure groups. Nowhere is that more evident than in the issue of right to life. Where do they report scientific evidence that a human “fetus” or “embryo” is a person? They always downplay the personhood of the unborn, focusing exclusively on the so-called “rights” of the mother to kill her child for any reason, even if she just feels uncomfortable. Please watch Gianna Jessen‘s testimony to see the horror their worldview has produced. It’s a modern-day holocaust, blessed by Big Science!Our concern is not the politics, or the very real issues pregnant mothers feel, which deserve compassion and care. Our concern is to show that science has abandoned any claim to objectivity, except in the realms where worldview and ethics are minimal (e.g., how many moles of solid precipitate out of solution when two liquids are mixed in a test tube). You cannot understand today’s lofty pronouncements about evolution, climate change or “reproductive health” coming from Big Science without recognizing this corruption. Look at them the same way you look at labor unions, lawyers, and mainstream media. Most of their institutions have gone so far left they are wacko if not dangerous. Big Science is not objective. Scientists are capable of much good, but must be reined in by righteous citizens wielding informed logic and evidence when their institutions unmask their political biases. Feyerabend, C.S. Lewis and other thinkers warned about the dangers of out-of-control scientists. Keep Mad Scientists under control or you could have Frankensteins on the loose. They are especially dangerous when operating from a materialist worldview that makes ethics merely a consequence of power.(Visited 52 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
John Ball faces the usual questions as he decides on a heating system for his new home: What system will deliver the best results at the lowest price? What will keep Ball and his wife comfortable in their Canadian locale in Climate Zone 7?But there’s something else that Ball has to consider: Their new retirement home will be empty during the winter when they’re in Florida escaping the snow and the cold. As they get older, and health care becomes more expensive, they expect to be returning to Canada on a year-round basis.As a result, Ball explains in Q&A post at GreenBuildingAdvisor, he has to plan on two scenarios: one for now, and one for later.He’s been given a long list of options so far, including a ground-source heat pump with a radiant-floor distribution system, an air-to-water heat pump, an electric resistance water heater or boiler, and an air-source heat pump.“We are totally confused as to what type of system to install,” he writes. “We are on a restricted budget so solutions like a ground-source heat pump are out, and we do not have access to natural gas. We are looking for a balance between initial system cost and efficiency. Heating is not critical now as we spend our winters in Florida, but as Canadians we will eventually find health care costs prohibitive and need to stay home in winter.”One particular concern is whether the concrete slab for his slab-on-grade home will feel cold in the winter. Winter usually brings a few days of 35 below zero weather, so he’s considering doubling the amount of rigid foam beneath the slab, from 2 inches to 4 inches. Skip the radiant floorStephen Sheehy’s advice is not to choose a radiant-floor distribution system. “With a tight, well-insulated house,” he says, “you’ll find the heating system often not running enough to keep the floor warm.”He also disagrees with Dorsett’s suggestion for setting the floor temperature slightly above the room temperature. “If the floor is 25°F below body temperature, you may not get warm feet,” Sheehy says. “A basic question is this: In winter, do you usually walk around in bare feet?”No bare feet, Ball replies, but the flooring will consist of ceramic tile and engineered wood (no carpet), so the idea is not to have any really cold surfaces under foot.Skipping the in-floor heat would be Charlie Sullivan’s vote as well. “If you have the slab and the building well insulated, the slab will reach equilibrium with the room temperature,” he writes. “Whether the slab is unheated and at 19° or 20°C (66° to 68°F), or heated to 21°C (70°F), or even 23°C (73°F), makes surprisingly little difference in how it feels to your bare feet… In all cases, heat is conducted away from your feet into the floor, and how cold it feels has more to do with the thermal conductivity of the floor surface material than a few degrees of temperature difference.“If you insulate well and have a flooring material with moderate to low thermal conductivity, such as wood or carpet, you won’t have a problem with the floor being too cold,” Sullivan says. All About Radiant FloorsGBA Encyclopedia: Heat DistributionGBA Encyclopedia: Green Heating OptionsRadiant-Floor HeatingHeating a Tight, Well-Insulated House Air-to-air heat pump can be the heart of the systemBall can now add some price estimates to the discussion.An air-to-air heat pump would be the least expensive option. A ductless minisplit (air-source heat pump) paired with an electric boiler is next, costing an additional $5,000, and the air-to-water heat pump with an electric boiler is $15,000 more than a simple air-to-air heat pump.A consensus seems to be emerging, says GBA senior editor Martin Holladay: Skip the floor heat and insulate the slab.If Ball ends up choosing an air-to-air heat pump, Holladay adds, he should make sure the system is rated for below-zero operation. “Equipment from either Mitsubishi or Fujitsu would work; you may even want to consider using Mitsubishi’s new MVZ air handler paired with a Mitsubishi HyperHeat outdoor unit (although this approach isn’t the most efficient),” Holladay says. “If you’re worried about keeping the house warm when the temperature drops to -30°F, a couple of electric-resistance space heaters are all you need.”Neither the Mitsubishi nor Fujitsu units have the option of built-in electric-resistance heat for very cold weather. Holladay suggests that Ball could buy one or two electric-resistance heaters at any hardware store, although Ball doubts that arrangement would work in a 2,000-sq. ft. house when the temperature falls to 30 below zero for several days.“For the ductless minisplit approach to work, you need the pay attention to the thermal envelope of your new home, making sure that insulation levels are higher than minimum code requirements; that air leakage rates are as low as possible; and that high-performance windows are specified,” Holladay says. “Installing enough linear feet of electric-resistance baseboard heat to help your home ride through the occasional cold snap is not particularly difficult or expensive. That said, if the approach makes you nervous, you can install a propane-fired furnace or an oil-fired furnace if you want.” Consider performance in very cold weatherOne of the options is an air-to-water heat pump, such as the Daikin Altherma. However, Dana Dorsett points out that the Daikin is somewhat expensive and probably wouldn’t be able to keep up with the coldest days in Climate Zone 7.“An electric boiler is very cheap to install,” he adds, “but more expensive to operate, and you may need one to cover the shortfall on the Altherma when it’s -20°F outside.” The Altherma has no specified output below -4°F, he says.If Ball won’t be around during the winter, Dorsett says, he might want to consider the Fujitsu air-to-air heat pump (the RSL3H product line), which has a specified heat output at -15°F but will continue to run in lower temperatures.“You can use an electric boiler slaved to a floor thermostat to keep the slab from feeling cold (but only when you’re there), and use the minisplit to maintain the room temperature (all the time),” Dorsett suggests. “You can buy a lot of RLS3H for the price of an Altherma — they’re nice and quiet, too.”With an electric boiler heating the slab, setting the floor temperature a couple of degrees above the room temperature “guarantees barefoot comfort,” he adds.“To make sure that the minisplits are pulling the bulk of the load, you may need to buy a hard-wired wall thermostat, since the setpoints will have an offset when it’s just sensing the temp of the incoming air at the head,” Dorsett says. “We are open to any solution,” he says. “What would you suggest?” RELATED ARTICLES Our expert’s opinionHere’s what GBA technical director Peter Yost had to say:It’s hard to give good guidance without full information about the climate, the design of the home, and details on patterns of occupancy. It turns out that John Ball’s home is located in northern New Brunswick in a rural area with very reliable grid electric power. The floor plan is pretty open and they routinely do a fairly aggressive nighttime setback of 5°C (9°F). Someone does check their house on a regular basis while they are away.In the past, Ball has had a high-efficiency wood stove (which could have handled the peak load for Ball when conditions max out any heat pump, at least when someone is there to feed the stove). But this time around, Ball is fine with backup/peak heat coming from any and all of these approaches: propane fireplace, electric fireplace, surface-mounted radiant electric heat, or baseboard electric heat.In terms of cooling, Ball says that few homes in their town have central AC systems because of great maritime breezes, but he is pretty concerned about heat gain in their master bedroom and great room, both with lots of glass to the southwest picking up their great view.(Side note: It has always amused me that historically, the peak electric load in Canada is generally the hottest day in summer, and the peak electric load in Florida is the coldest day in winter. The former is because space heating is largely non-electric in Canada, and the latter because all that strip heat in Florida is kicking in at the same time.)Ball also is quite open to photovoltaics over time, and although New Brunswick reports fewer than 50 homes with grid-connected PV systems, that is likely to change quite a bit in the near future. The province has set a goal of 40% renewable energy generation by 2020.So where does all this new information leave us? I’d make the following points:A minisplit cold-climate heat pump seems like a good fit, given Ball’s open floor plan. With a minisplit system, a nighttime setback is usually a mistake, since these heat pumps operate most efficiently without a setback. But if Ball wants the nighttime setback, that means either a “smart” thermostat that will ramp up based on weather info, and/or quick-acting spot heat for comfort such as the radiant surface-mount panels (while the outdoor temperature rises in the morning and the heat pump moves away from deep overnight lows).Ball is open to exterior shading devices to manage that southwest summer sun. Adjustable or fixed-but-seasonally-installed awnings can be both functional and attractive. And if this approach eliminates the need for summer space conditioning, maybe Ball would be open to a high-efficiency propane heating system, which could provide domestic hot water as well.We can all agree that putting as many dollars as Ball can into the performance of his building enclosure is a sure bet, regardless of the heating system(s) he chooses.Integrating grid-connected PV is becoming less expensive and more practical at an amazing pace; every project should be looking at how this fits into the picture.