Research & Reports – Working papersOur working papers provide insight into issues that impact on the South African psyche, national pride, and international reputation. The research notes are essentially analytical pieces that highlight trends in reports on South Africa generated by external agencies, institutes and multilateral organisations, and civil society to discuss our position in the world, and uncover ways to give South Africa a competitive edge on the global stage.The research notes also aim to highlight key findings, and to share research from studies commissioned by Brand South Africa with stakeholders and the nation.For more information, contact:Dr Petrus de Kock, General Manager: Research, Brand South AfricaEmail: [email protected]: +27 (0)11 712 5000Research Update: Domestic Preceptions SurveyThis research update reflects on a few issues pertaining to self-description, pride, media consumption and perceptions of how the media reports on issues in the domestic environment.2016 | 1 April | VIEW DOCUMENT Research note: the global reputation and competitiveness of South African citiesThis research note looks at how South Africa’s cities match up to its global counterparts. The research is based on the 2015 City brands Index and the MasterCard African Cities Growth Index.2016 | 8 March | VIEW DOCUMENT Analysis: South Africa’s Performance in UN Development Programme Human Development Report 2015The report analyses South Africa’s human development through its life expectancy, education and income per person. It also explains why South Africans today enjoy a longer, healthier life, have better access to education and a more decent living standard.2016 | 4 March | VIEW DOCUMENT Analysis: Transparency International’s Corruption Perception Index and Global Corruption BarometerThis research analyses the perceptions of corruption South Africans have of its leaders in public and private sectors.2016 | 3 March | VIEW DOCUMENT Presentation: Brand South Africa Research & Nation Brand Performance This comprehensive presentation explains the Brand South Africa mandate and strategy, Brand South Africa Research, Nation Brand performance and reputation, Brand South Africa fieldwork and much more.2016 | 2 February | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: The Nation Brand Index – perspectives on South Africa’s global reputationThis research note intends to share with Brand SA stakeholders key findings from the 2015 Nation Brand Index (NBI) report. Brand South Africa subscribes to the NBI with the purpose of identifying strengths, challenges and opportunities for the enhancement of the nation brand’s reputation both at home and abroad.2015 | 18 November | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: Active citizenship: intention versus realityThe intention to participate in community programmes is much higher than what reality displays, writes Leigh-Gail Petersen. The amount of active citizens playing their part in their communities is quite low, especially among youth. To drive and encourage active citizenry, Petersen suggests each South African gets involved in an initiative, big or small, to build communities which will drive change.2015 | 3 November | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Report: The Ufa Declaration and its implications for the BRICS brandThe BRICS, a unique creation of five developing states, has been making quiet strides in the relatively short time since its inception. This research report argues that the 2015 Summit, hosted by the Russian Federation, was a landmark for the development, or, in more technical terms, the institutionalisation of the BRICS.2015 | 30 September | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: The African Union & Agenda 2063 – Summary & OverviewThe African Union adopted Vision 2063 as a roadmap for continental development, aligning thinking from across the continent and distilling it into a set of aspirations. This Research Note provides a snapshot of the aspirations and some key objectives contained in each.2015 | 21 September | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: Evolving the nation brand heritage through a collective heritageBased on a discussion by a research reference group, this research note aims to create a national identity and a nation brand through our collective heritage.2015 | 30 June | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: Active citizenship and social cohesionFindings on the level of citizen participation in all spheres of life and the extent to which South Africa is a socially cohesive society.2015 | 30 June | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: Can competitiveness be Africanised?This research note asks how competitiveness is measured in the African context and whether the concept itself is problematic.2015 | 25 May | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: A youthful population in a young democracyAround 66% of the South African population is under the age of 34, making it one of the youngest countries in the world. This implies that South Africa has a healthy demographic sustain economic growth, innovation and social development well into the future.2015 | 30 April | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: A nation united against xenophobiaWhen foreign nationals were attacked in April 2015, thousands of South Africans came together to help the victims.From setting up shelters for those displaced by the violence to delivering food, clothing and other necessities to relief centres, South Africans lived up to the principles of Ubuntu.2015 | 30 April | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: Working with the Nation Brand – Perspectives from Global South Africans living ‘Down Under’One of Brand South Africa’s key international programmes focuses on Global South Africans – the country’s diaspora. Through the GSA network Brand SA endeavours to reach out to South Africans living and working abroad.2015 | 10 April | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: A Brand of OptimismExplore findings from Brand South Africa’s Domestic Perceptions Research.2015 | 10 April | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: Lessons from the Investing in African Mining Indaba 2015In terms of national competitiveness and reputation, mining remains a critical feature of the South African economy. This research note draws lessons from discussions at the Mining Indaba that are relevant not only to mining, but also the South African nation brand.2015 | 20 February | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: South Africa achieving goals of the NDP through improved human developmentFindings on South Africa’s performance in the 2014 United Nations Development Programme – Human Development Report.2014 | 13 June | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: South Africa’s performance in the UNDP Human Development ReportThe National Development Plan acknowledges that South Africa still has a lot of work to do with regards to improving our human development profile. However, if one studies South Africa’s performance in the HDR it is clear that we have been making significant progress in a relatively short time.2014 | June | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: The value and importance of the South African Nation BrandWith the valuation of nation brands becoming increasingly important in a world where the competitive positioning of nation brands plays an ever-more significant role, this research note focuses on the 2013 results of the Brand Finance 2013 Nation Brands Report.2014 | June | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: South Africa’s performance in the 2014 Institute for Management Development World Competitiveness ReportExploring the key findings on the country’s competitiveness in the 2014 Institute for Management Development World Competitiveness Report, this research note aims to inform the development of the second South African Competitiveness Forum, which Brand South Africa is set to host in November 2014.2014 | June | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT South Africa’s performance in the 2014 Institute for Management Development World Competitiveness ReportThis research note explores the key findings on South Africa’s national competitiveness in the 2014 Institute for Management Development World Competitiveness Report.2014 | June | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: International perceptions of South Africa in a complex emerging market environmentThis report focuses on key findings from research that suggests perceptions of South Africa differ quite substantially between markets, and that there is a high level of awareness of the country as a place to do business and invest.2014 | April | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Thrive VIPresentation of findings from a 2013 survey to determine the world’s perception of South Africa. This questioned 860 investors in 18 countries, including the US, UK, Nigeria, Kenya and Japan, as well as South Africa’s Brics partners Brazil, Russia, India and China.2014 | April | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT • Press release: Brand South Africa releases results of 2013 Thrive International Investor Perceptions Survey. MORE >
Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Peter Thomison, Pierce Paul, Ohio State University ExtensionIt may be an especially challenging year for corn stalk quality in Ohio. Stress conditions increase the potential for stalk rot that often leads to stalk lodging.This year persistent rains through June caused unprecedented planting delays. Saturated soils resulted in shallow root systems. Corn plantings in wet soils often resulted in surface and in-furrow compaction further restricting root growth. Since July, limited rainfall in much of the state has stressed corn and marginal root systems have predisposed corn to greater water stress.Corn stalk rot, and consequently, lodging, are the results of several different but interrelated factors. The actual disease, stalk rot, is caused by one or more of several fungi capable of colonizing and disintegrating of the inner tissues of the stalk. The most common members of the stalk rot complex are Gibberella zeae, Colletotrichum graminicola, Stenocarpella maydis and members of the genus Fusarium.The extent to which these fungi infect and cause stalk rot depends on the health of the plant. In general, severely stressed plants are more greatly affected by stalk rot than stress-free plants.When corn is subjected to stress (due to weather, esp. drought, foliar diseases or insects) during grain fill, photosynthetic activity is reduced. As a result, the carbohydrate levels available for the developing ear are insufficient. The corn plant responds to this situation by removing carbohydrates from the leaves, stalk, and roots to the developing ear. While this “cannibalization” process ensures a supply of carbohydrates for the developing ear, the removal of carbohydrates results in premature death of pith cells in the stalk and root tissues, which predisposes plants to root and stalk infection by fungi.The stalk rot fungi typically survive in corn residue on the soil surface and invade the base of the corn stalk either directly or through wounds made by corn borers, hail, or mechanical injury. Occasionally, fungal invasion occurs at nodes above ground or behind the leaf sheath. The plant tissue is usually resistant to fungal colonization up to silking, after which the fungus spreads from the roots to the stalks. When diseased stalks are split, the pith is usually discolored and shows signs of disintegration. As the pith disintegrates, it separates from the rind and the stalk becomes a hollow tube-like structure. Destruction of the internal stalk tissue by fungi predisposes the plant to lodging.The presence of stalk rots in corn may not always result in stalk lodging, especially if the affected crop is harvested promptly. It is not uncommon to walk corn fields where nearly every plant is upright yet nearly every plant is also showing stalk rot symptoms! Many hybrids have excellent rind strength, which contributes to plant standability even when the internal plant tissue has rotted or started to rot. However, strong rinds will not prevent lodging if harvest is delayed and the crop is subjected to weathering, e.g. strong winds and heavy rains.Nothing can be done about stalk rots at this stage; however, growers can minimize yield and quality losses associated with lodging by harvesting fields with stalk rot problems as early as possible. Scout fields early for visual symptoms of stalk rot and use the “squeeze test” to assess the potential for lodging. Since stalk rots affect stalk integrity, one or more of the inner nodes can easily be compressed when the stalk is squeezed between the thumb and the forefinger. The “push” test is another way to predict lodging. Push the stalks at the ear level, 6 to 8 inches from the vertical. If the stalk breaks between the ear and the lowest node, stalk rot is usually present. To minimize stalk rot damage, harvest promptly after physiological maturity. Harvest delays will increase the risk of stalk lodging and grain yield losses and slowdown the harvest operation. Since the level of stalk rot varies from field to field and hybrids vary in their stalk strength and susceptibility to stalk rot, each field should be scouted separately.Some of the same stress conditions promoting stalk rots may also be affecting the integrity of corn ear shanks. Corn ears usually remain erect on plants prior to physiological maturity (black layer). Ear “drooping” occurs when shanks have collapsed or crimped. In such ears, the milkline is still evident. This year drooping ears are evident in many fields, which have experienced late season drought stress. According to Dr. Bob Nielsen at Purdue University, this crimping of the shank suggests a loss of turgidity in the ear shank due to stress, possibly combined with some cannibalization of the ear shank similar to what occurs when the carbohydrates of the main stalk are cannibalized in response to severe stress (https://extension.entm.purdue.edu/newsletters/pestandcrop/article/do-you…). If droopy ears have not yet reached physiological maturity, collapsed ear shanks may cause kernels to black layer prematurely, which reduces grain yield.
LATEST STORIES Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anew Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Two-day strike in Bicol fails to cripple transport Duterte wants probe of SEA Games mess Catholic schools seek legislated pay hike, too Ethel Booba twits Mocha over 2 toilets in one cubicle at SEA Games venue Charles Tiu will call the shots yet again and he is currently burning the lines for additional imports as the team will be slugging it out with the national teams of South Korea, Japan and Chinese Taipei, all gearing up for the World Cup in China starting Aug. 31.“If it’s for national cause, we’re always ready to help,” Mighty Sports owner Alex Wongchuking said. “While this year’s tournament will be [against a] stronger [field], we are confident we can provide great entertainment for the thousands of Filipino workers there.”FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logisticsA Gilas side won the 2012 edition where LA Tenorio also won the Most Valuable Player award. That team was coached by Chot Reyes.Former PBA star Joseph Yeo will be in the team together with Aaron Black, the ex-Eagle with Ateneo in the UAAP. Other imports who have signed up are Hamady N’Diaye of Senegal and Dewarick Spencer. Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next MOST READ View comments Sports Briefs: May 23, 2019 Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess ‘Rebel attack’ no cause for concern-PNP, AFP Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss An Al Thornton-led Mighty Sports five will represent the Philippines in the Jones Cup in Taipei this July, with the club answering the call after Gilas Pilipinas begged off because of conflict with the PBA schedule.The champion there in 2016, Mighty Sports will be shooting to win the event for the sixth time for the country, which first triumphed with a Ron Jacobs-coached Northern Cement crew in the 1980s.ADVERTISEMENT