The early ontogenetic stages of Paralomis spinosissima Birstein and Vinogradow, 1972, are described in detail and illustrated, with notes on morphological variability observed. Larval and early juvenile development was described to the crab I instar reared under controlled conditions of temperature and food supply. The abbreviated larval development invariably passed through two zoeal stages and the benthic megalopa stage. The larval development was completed without food supply, and food Artemia nauplii were first given after moult to the crab-I stage. Simplification and retarded development of the mouthparts are discussed as a function of lecithotrophy of these larvae and based on morphology no facultative feeding mode is suggested. Lecithotrophy in the Southern Ocean Lithodidae is discussed to be an adaptation allowing independence from seasonal food availability at high latitudes.
Around £250,000 per year to develop an emotional wellbeing service for schoolchildren aged nine to 14 that will offer training and expert clinical advice to clusters of schools, as well as supporting groups or individual children who are suffering from anxiety, depression, anger issues or those that are at risk of self-harm or eating disorders; Young people and parents are set to benefit from extended mental health services in Hastings, backed by a £600,000 annual investment from the government’s Opportunity Area programme.The funding will develop the advice and support services available for young people in Hastings to improve their emotional wellbeing at home, school or further education, the Education Secretary Damian Hinds announced during a visit to Sussex Coast College in Hastings yesterday (17 May) to mark Mental Health Awareness Week.Hastings is one of 12 Opportunity Areas identified as social mobility ‘coldspots’ which are receiving a share of £72million to raise aspirations and opportunities for the young people who live there.Education Secretary Damian Hinds said: £100,000 per year to expand Hastings’ award-winning i-Rock service to five days a week from three as of September 2018. i-Rock offers a drop-in service for young people aged 14 to 25-years-old providing them with advice on emotional and mental wellbeing, employment, education and housing; Working with schools and colleges to identify the best approaches being used to supporting their students’ mental health and resilience, to share locally for the maximum benefit. More than £250,000 per year to expand support for parents and carers in Hastings, including ‘Triple P – Positive Parenting Programme’, which aims to encourage parents to seek support where they need it and offers practical strategies to help foster healthy family relationships, preventing problems developing at home; and Young people in Hastings have told us mental health is one of their big concerns, and we know that it can have a real impact on their lives – that’s why the Opportunity Area programme is spending over £600,000 a year to improve training for school staff, increase access to local services and strengthen family relationships to boost wellbeing at home. During Mental Health Awareness Week, it’s important to hear first-hand from the people running these important projects in Hastings and from the young people who benefit. The more we can improve the support that is in place for them, the more likely it is that they will grow up feeling confident and positive about their future. The Secretary of State is absolutely right to prioritise social mobility, and Opportunity Areas have real potential to transform life chances for children and young people. Triple P is an evidence-based parenting programme that delivers real and long-lasting benefits for children and families, and is a vital part of the jigsaw. Triple P is working with a number of partners in the Hastings Opportunity Area to help families build healthy relationships and prevent problems developing, including in mental health. We look forward to continuing our work and expanding our offer so that all young people in the area, and indeed across the country, can achieve their full potential. Confirming the funding during Mental Health Awareness Week, the Education Secretary was joined by Amber Rudd, MP for Hastings and Rye and met with young people who have benefitted from the i-Rock project, as well as school and college leaders and members of the Hastings Opportunity Area independent board to discuss the programme’s wider work.The programme has been developed in partnership with local organisations and the additional funding builds on existing investment from Hastings and Rother Clinical Commissioning Group and East Sussex County Council.Hastings Opportunity Area will focus on four strands of work: improving literacy, raising attainment in maths, broadening young people’s horizons and preparing them for the work, and improving mental health and resilience. Chief Executive of Triple P UK, Matt Buttery, said: The mental health investment includes:
Research & Reports – Working papersOur working papers provide insight into issues that impact on the South African psyche, national pride, and international reputation. The research notes are essentially analytical pieces that highlight trends in reports on South Africa generated by external agencies, institutes and multilateral organisations, and civil society to discuss our position in the world, and uncover ways to give South Africa a competitive edge on the global stage.The research notes also aim to highlight key findings, and to share research from studies commissioned by Brand South Africa with stakeholders and the nation.For more information, contact:Dr Petrus de Kock, General Manager: Research, Brand South AfricaEmail: [email protected]: +27 (0)11 712 5000Research Update: Domestic Preceptions SurveyThis research update reflects on a few issues pertaining to self-description, pride, media consumption and perceptions of how the media reports on issues in the domestic environment.2016 | 1 April | VIEW DOCUMENT Research note: the global reputation and competitiveness of South African citiesThis research note looks at how South Africa’s cities match up to its global counterparts. The research is based on the 2015 City brands Index and the MasterCard African Cities Growth Index.2016 | 8 March | VIEW DOCUMENT Analysis: South Africa’s Performance in UN Development Programme Human Development Report 2015The report analyses South Africa’s human development through its life expectancy, education and income per person. It also explains why South Africans today enjoy a longer, healthier life, have better access to education and a more decent living standard.2016 | 4 March | VIEW DOCUMENT Analysis: Transparency International’s Corruption Perception Index and Global Corruption BarometerThis research analyses the perceptions of corruption South Africans have of its leaders in public and private sectors.2016 | 3 March | VIEW DOCUMENT Presentation: Brand South Africa Research & Nation Brand Performance This comprehensive presentation explains the Brand South Africa mandate and strategy, Brand South Africa Research, Nation Brand performance and reputation, Brand South Africa fieldwork and much more.2016 | 2 February | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: The Nation Brand Index – perspectives on South Africa’s global reputationThis research note intends to share with Brand SA stakeholders key findings from the 2015 Nation Brand Index (NBI) report. Brand South Africa subscribes to the NBI with the purpose of identifying strengths, challenges and opportunities for the enhancement of the nation brand’s reputation both at home and abroad.2015 | 18 November | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: Active citizenship: intention versus realityThe intention to participate in community programmes is much higher than what reality displays, writes Leigh-Gail Petersen. The amount of active citizens playing their part in their communities is quite low, especially among youth. To drive and encourage active citizenry, Petersen suggests each South African gets involved in an initiative, big or small, to build communities which will drive change.2015 | 3 November | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Report: The Ufa Declaration and its implications for the BRICS brandThe BRICS, a unique creation of five developing states, has been making quiet strides in the relatively short time since its inception. This research report argues that the 2015 Summit, hosted by the Russian Federation, was a landmark for the development, or, in more technical terms, the institutionalisation of the BRICS.2015 | 30 September | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: The African Union & Agenda 2063 – Summary & OverviewThe African Union adopted Vision 2063 as a roadmap for continental development, aligning thinking from across the continent and distilling it into a set of aspirations. This Research Note provides a snapshot of the aspirations and some key objectives contained in each.2015 | 21 September | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: Evolving the nation brand heritage through a collective heritageBased on a discussion by a research reference group, this research note aims to create a national identity and a nation brand through our collective heritage.2015 | 30 June | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: Active citizenship and social cohesionFindings on the level of citizen participation in all spheres of life and the extent to which South Africa is a socially cohesive society.2015 | 30 June | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: Can competitiveness be Africanised?This research note asks how competitiveness is measured in the African context and whether the concept itself is problematic.2015 | 25 May | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: A youthful population in a young democracyAround 66% of the South African population is under the age of 34, making it one of the youngest countries in the world. This implies that South Africa has a healthy demographic sustain economic growth, innovation and social development well into the future.2015 | 30 April | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: A nation united against xenophobiaWhen foreign nationals were attacked in April 2015, thousands of South Africans came together to help the victims.From setting up shelters for those displaced by the violence to delivering food, clothing and other necessities to relief centres, South Africans lived up to the principles of Ubuntu.2015 | 30 April | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: Working with the Nation Brand – Perspectives from Global South Africans living ‘Down Under’One of Brand South Africa’s key international programmes focuses on Global South Africans – the country’s diaspora. Through the GSA network Brand SA endeavours to reach out to South Africans living and working abroad.2015 | 10 April | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: A Brand of OptimismExplore findings from Brand South Africa’s Domestic Perceptions Research.2015 | 10 April | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: Lessons from the Investing in African Mining Indaba 2015In terms of national competitiveness and reputation, mining remains a critical feature of the South African economy. This research note draws lessons from discussions at the Mining Indaba that are relevant not only to mining, but also the South African nation brand.2015 | 20 February | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: South Africa achieving goals of the NDP through improved human developmentFindings on South Africa’s performance in the 2014 United Nations Development Programme – Human Development Report.2014 | 13 June | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: South Africa’s performance in the UNDP Human Development ReportThe National Development Plan acknowledges that South Africa still has a lot of work to do with regards to improving our human development profile. However, if one studies South Africa’s performance in the HDR it is clear that we have been making significant progress in a relatively short time.2014 | June | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: The value and importance of the South African Nation BrandWith the valuation of nation brands becoming increasingly important in a world where the competitive positioning of nation brands plays an ever-more significant role, this research note focuses on the 2013 results of the Brand Finance 2013 Nation Brands Report.2014 | June | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: South Africa’s performance in the 2014 Institute for Management Development World Competitiveness ReportExploring the key findings on the country’s competitiveness in the 2014 Institute for Management Development World Competitiveness Report, this research note aims to inform the development of the second South African Competitiveness Forum, which Brand South Africa is set to host in November 2014.2014 | June | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT South Africa’s performance in the 2014 Institute for Management Development World Competitiveness ReportThis research note explores the key findings on South Africa’s national competitiveness in the 2014 Institute for Management Development World Competitiveness Report.2014 | June | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Research Note: International perceptions of South Africa in a complex emerging market environmentThis report focuses on key findings from research that suggests perceptions of South Africa differ quite substantially between markets, and that there is a high level of awareness of the country as a place to do business and invest.2014 | April | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT Thrive VIPresentation of findings from a 2013 survey to determine the world’s perception of South Africa. This questioned 860 investors in 18 countries, including the US, UK, Nigeria, Kenya and Japan, as well as South Africa’s Brics partners Brazil, Russia, India and China.2014 | April | DOWNLOAD DOCUMENT • Press release: Brand South Africa releases results of 2013 Thrive International Investor Perceptions Survey. MORE >
25 August 2014Establishing whether the recent earthquake in South Africa’s North West province was purely mining induced, or caused by natural tectonic shifts in the earth’s crust, is not a simple matter, experts said during a recent panel discussion hosted by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in Pretoria.It is also possible, they said, that stresses caused by mining triggered a natural event deeper down. This why seismic data always had to be carefully analysed after such events.The earthquake, measuring a magnitude of 5.5 on the South African local magnitude scale, occurred just before lunchtime on 5 August with its epicentre near Orkney, a mining town in the Klerksdorp district. One person died when a wall collapsed, several miners were injured, and there was some structural damage to buildings.Within minutes of the event, the United States Geological Survey (USGS) reported the location and magnitude of the event on its website. It also listed a depth of 10 kilometres.However, as the CSIR’s Professor Ray Durrheim noted, the “technical terms” page on the USGS website states that a default depth of five or 10 kilometres is often used in mid-continental regions when the depth is difficult to estimate. Not having read this page, some local experts prematurely concluded that the earthquake was a natural event and not mining-related, as mining activity in the region takes place up to depths of 3.5 kilometres below the surface.Three days later, the US data was corrected to state a depth of 4.1 kilometres, indicating that it could indeed have been mining related.According to Professor Andrzej Kijko, director of the Natural Hazards Centre of the University of Pretoria, the maximum magnitude of mining-induced quakes – those entirely caused by human activity – is approximately 3.5. These happen when rock layers near mine workings shift.“We have, however, been mining for more than 80 years in Klerksdorp, creating stresses which can activate a pre-existing geological fault that lies much deeper,” Kijko said. “This can then trigger a natural earthquake.”According to both Kijko and Durrheim, the fact that the tremors were felt so far from the epicentre, even in Durban and Cape Town, indicated that it was a low-frequency event, more typical of movements near an old fault in the earth’s crust, rather than the brittle mining rock being displaced.Professor Herbert Uzoegbo, a structural engineer from the University of the Witwatersrand, who specialises in the response of buildings to seismic events, supported the view that the earthquake might have been a natural earthquake triggered by mining. He based this on the fact that there were higher vibrations in tall buildings than in lower ones, also indicative of low-frequency events.Uzoegbo added that building codes, especially in South Africa’s mining areas, might need to be refined and better enforced. He said he had seen structural damage due to poor workmanship and design, including buckled and collapsed walls, cracks and the shifting of a house on its foundations.One example of particularly dangerous building design, he said, was the parallel placement of several walls in one structure, increasing the risk of a domino-type collapse if an earthquake’s shock were to hit the building from the wrong side.In 2006, Durrheim and his colleagues presented a report to the Department of Minerals following a magnitude 5.3 earthquake which killed two miners in Stilfontein on 9 March 2005. The finding then was also that that earthquake was related to mining, and one of the recommendations was that seismic monitoring in the area needed to be improved.In response to the report, the South African Council for Geoscience, which operates a national seismographic network involving the registering and mapping of all seismic events throughout the country, established three additional networks focusing on the country’s mining regions.The CSIR has also been collaborating with Japanese experts to measure seismic activity in South African mines, as part of a five-year-programme aimed at mitigating risk and developing local skills.According to Durrheim, South Africa’s deep mines are like “earthquake laboratories”, in which the Japanese experts with whom the CSIR is collaborating can learn a lot about earthquake physics, while supporting local experts with state-of-the-art technology transfer and training.Japan is a world leader in earthquake research. The country directed renewed investment into this type of research after the devastating Kobe earthquake, which killed 6 434 people in the southern part of Hyogo Prefecture in 1995.While the Japanese researchers focus on the monitoring of natural faults activated by mining, the CSIR experts have placed sensors such as seismometers, tilt meters and strain gauges near mine openings to measure mining-induced seismic activity. They drill holes near faults in the rocks and place the sensors in there to get the best data.“Ultimately our data informs the seismic zoning of the country, providing guidance on the construction of buildings such as homes, schools or factories, in regions prone to earthquakes,” Durrheim said.The experts agreed that it is not possible to predict the times or locations of future earthquakes, but the data show that they are likely to recur in mining regions, even after mining has stopped. This has already informed planning for disaster management structures in the country.Source: Council for Scientific and Industrial Research
Apple is unveiling its latest iPhone on Wednesday, but its older phones will get a software upgrade as well. A new operating system sports a different mapping service and a built-in bond with Facebook.Apple has said that its iOS 6 software will sport more than 200 new features, though some won’t be available on all devices. It will be a free upgrade for iPhones released since 2009, as well as last year’s and this year’s iPad models. It will also work with newer iPod Touch devices.With the launch of new iPhone, Apple is expected to provide details as to when the software update will be available for older phones.Here are some highlights of iOS 6:Apple’s mobile devices will have a mapping program, built in-house.New Maps application In the past, Apple has given prominent billing to Google Inc.’s mapping app. But the two companies have increasingly become rivals as people buy more devices running Google’s Android operating system. Google also has been keeping some features, including turn-by-turn directions spoken aloud, exclusive to Android.Apple’s new Maps application will have a voice navigation feature. It will have real-time traffic data and offer alternative routes as traffic conditions change. It will also include “flyover” three-dimensional images taken by helicopters hired by the company to fly over major cities. Google has been dispatching its own planes to produce similar 3D images.Apple’s map program will be integrated with its Siri virtual assistant so that you can ask for directions and pose other questions.FacebookThe new software promises better integration with Facebook. The upgrade will enable you to log into Facebook just once, and then you will be able to post to the social network from a variety of apps. You can also post about websites directly from Apple’s Safari browser.Facebook will be integrated with Apple’s online app store so that you can declare that you “like” specific apps there, as well as songs and movies in iTunes. Events in Facebook’s calendar and birthdays of Facebook friends will also appear on your phone’s calendar.Enhancements to SiriIOS 6 will have enhancements to Siri, which interprets voice commands and talks back to the user. It is also coming to the iPad for the first time. Siri, introduced last October with the iPhone 4S, is supposed to get better at fielding questions about movies, restaurants and other things.Apple says it is partnering with Yelp Inc. so that Siri can include ratings and prices of restaurants when you ask her about places to eat. The company is also partnering with OpenTable Inc. to make reservations. Siri will now be available in more languages and more countries.Apple also says it’s working with car manufacturers to let you use a button on the steering wheel to talk to Siri, allowing you to keep your hands on the road. Apple says General Motors Co., BMW AG and Daimler AG’s Mercedes are among the automakers that have promised to offer Siri integration in the next 12 months.CallsApple’s new software will give you more options for preventing messages and text notifications from disturbing you at night.You can control how and when you get back to people. If you can’t call someone back right away, you can set a reminder to call that person back later or have a text message sent directly to the caller.There’s a “call when you leave” feature that reminds you to call back when you are leaving a building or office. The phone can detect when you are leaving.New Passbook feature Apple’s new Passbook feature will be a central place to keep your boarding passes, tickets and gift cards.When you get to a Starbucks, for instance, the device will bring up your gift card if you have one and if you have the location feature turned on. Likewise, when you get to a movie theater or baseball stadium, the ticket will pop up. Passbook will also alert you to gate changes and flight delays once you have a boarding pass stored.Passbook could be the foundation for a new digital commerce hub for Apple, especially if the iPhone 5 includes a “near-field communication” chip that enables payment information to be transferred by tapping a device on a terminal at a checkout stand. A few Android phones use this technology to process payments with a feature known as Google Wallet.advertisement
About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Fikayo Tomori: Chelsea players love playing for legend Lampardby Paul Vegasa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveFikayo Tomori says Chelsea’s players love playing for manager Frank Lampard.The fullback hit a screamer for the 5-2 win at Wolves yesterday.He told chelseafc.com: “Obviously we are disappointed to have conceded two goals, but we try to think positive, the manager tries to keep us positive in training and off the pitch, in meetings.”He’s a legend at the club so he has the respect of the players already.”His management skills are very good. I had him last year and he’s a very good talker, a very good man-manager, and you can see we want to play for him, want to win games and implement his style of play. We’re working hard day in, day out to try and do that.”
Brad Paisley joined President Obama for a surprise trip to Afghanistan in the weekend to thank American troops and civilians stationed at Bagram Air Base for their service.Brad Paisley Performs In AfghanistanCredit/Copyright: Pete Souza, The White House via BradPaisley.comBrad played an hour-long acoustic set for the 3000 people at Bagram, before President Obama gave his address to the troops.“Tomorrow is Memorial Day,” said Obama. “At bases here in Afghanistan and towns across America, we will pause and we’ll pay tribute to all those who’ve laid down their lives for our freedom. And that includes nearly 2,200 American patriots who made the ultimate sacrifice, that last, full measure of devotion, right here in Afghanistan. I know you’ve stood in front of those battle crosses. I know many of you carry the memories of your fallen comrades in your heart today. We will honor every single one of them — not just tomorrow, but forever.“I thank you as your Commander-in-Chief because you inspire me. Your willingness to serve, to step forward at a time of war, and say ‘send me,’ is the reason the United States stays strong and free. Of all the honors that I have serving as President, nothing matches serving as your Commander-in-Chief.”Read the full speech here.