The first patient in the current outbreak, a 26-year-old graduate medical student surnamed Song, was released May 10 from a hospital in her home province of Anhui, the AP reported. She had been in the hospital since Apr 4. May 12, 2004 (CIDRAP News) Five SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) patients have been released from Chinese hospitals this week, leaving only two still hospitalized with the disease, according to reports from China. Xinhua said two SARS patients remain in Ditan Hospital. One is recovering, while the other has additional diseases and is to be transferred to another hospital, according to Mao Yu, president of the hospital. The report did not name the patients. One patient whose release has not yet been announced is a 31-year-old man who works in the virology lab where Song worked. Li’s parents were released from Ditan Hospital yesterday, the Associated Press (AP) reported. They had been in the hospital since Apr 22. Nine people have had SARS in the current outbreak. Song’s mother died of the disease Apr 19. Xinhua, China’s state news agency, said two women were released from Ditan Hospital in Beijing today after recovering from the disease. The two are an aunt of the 20-year-old nurse surnamed Li, who was released from the hospital May 4, and a patient surnamed Xu. Song is believed to have contracted the virus while working in a National Institute of Virology laboratory in Beijing in March. Li fell ill after caring for Song in a Beijing hospital from Mar 29 to Apr 2; later the virus apparently spread from Li to five other people, including her parents and aunt.
Findings in three statesHealth officials in many states began contacting the CDC in late 2006 about apparent increases in norovirus outbreaks, the report says. The agency reviewed data for three of those statesNorth Carolina, Wisconsin, and New Yorkand found striking increases. Further, CDC tests of specimens from 126 AGE outbreaks in various settings in 2006 confirmed that 114 (90%) were due to norovirus, the agency says. Investigators found that 87 (76%) of these involved two new GII.4 norovirus variants, called Minerva and Laurens. A new strain has brought an increase in outbreaks at least once before, the report says. In four of the North Carolina episodes, outbreaks occurred after illness among food handlers, suggesting that foodborne transmission might have been involved. Aug 24, 2007 (CIDRAP News) Norovirus outbreaks in the United States appear to have increased sharply since the beginning of last year, probably fueled by two new strains of the gastrointestinal pathogen, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports. Noroviruses can spread via food or through contact with contaminated surfaces. There is no national surveillance system for acute gastroenteritis (AGE) outbreaks in which foodborne transmission is not suspected, but several lines of evidence suggest that norovirus outbreaks have been on the rise, the CDC says. The CDC says its data probably underestimate the number of recent norovirus outbreaks, since reporting methods and thoroughness vary by state. Norovirus was confirmed in only 29% (382) of the outbreaks, but testing and reporting vary by state for nonfoodborne AGE outbreaks. Findings in states that routinely test outbreak specimens indicate that a high proportion of the episodes were caused by norovirus, the report says. North Carolina had 17 outbreaks consistent with norovirus infection in LTCFs in 2006, compared with six in 2005 and three in 2004. The outbreaks affected 573 residents and 288 staff members, and 36 patients were hospitalized. One 90-year-old resident died, and the gastrointestinal illness was listed as the primary cause of death. “Norovirus infection as a confirmed cause of death has not been recorded previously in the United States,” the CDC says. The increase is especially notable in long-term care facilities (LTCFs), the CDC says in today’s issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. One recent outbreak in an LTCF led to the first recorded fatal case of norovirus, in a 90-year-old in North Carolina, the report says. CDC. Norovirus activityUnited States, 2006-2007. MMWR 2007 Aug 24;56(33):842-6 [Full text] In Wisconsin, AGE outbreaks reported to the state increased more than fourfold in 2 years, from 23 in 2005 to 106 in 2006, the report states. Eighty-seven (82%) of the 2006 outbreaks were confirmed as norovirus by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Noroviruses (previously known as Norwalk-like viruses) are the most common cause of AGE outbreaks, according to the CDC. Because patients shed the viruses for a long time after recovery and it takes only a few viral particles to cause illness, LTCFs are susceptible to prolonged outbreaks with high attack rates, the agency says. The agency says it is unclear whether the surge in outbreaks is a result of increased pathogenicity or transmissibility of the two new strains, lower immunity in the population, or other factors. Boston also saw signs of a recent increase in AGE outbreaks related to norovirus, according to the CDC. Between Dec 1, 2006, and April 1, 2007, the city had 18 outbreaks in colleges, day care centers, and healthcare facilities, compared with two outbreaks in the same period a year earlier. PCR testing confirmed norovirus in eight of the outbreaks. But better national surveillance for AGE outbreaks is on the way, the agency says. Last year the Council for State and Territorial Epidemiologists passed a resolution stating that all AGE outbreaks should be reportable nationally, regardless of whether transmission is foodborne or person-to-person. “This will be implemented in 2008 through the National Outbreak Reporting System,” the article says. Of 58 nonfoodborne norovirus outbreaks in Wisconsin in 2006, 45 occurred in LTCFs. These outbreaks included 2,071 cases, with 44 patients hospitalized. Two patients died, but the primary causes of death were not recorded. More surveillance expectedFor the AGE outbreaks in late 2006 and 2007 nationwide, the CDC says, “A high proportion of the specimens tested were positive for norovirus, which suggests that the increase in AGE outbreaks was associated with norovirus infection. The magnitude and consistency of increases in multiple states suggests an actual increase rather than increased reporting resulting from increased awareness and testing for norovirus.” The CDC also says that CaliciNet, a CDC database used to collect and compare norovirus sequences, will soon be widely accessible to state and local health departments. New York had 333 AGE outbreaks from October 2006 through January 2007, compared with 76 for the same period in 2005-06, the CDC says. Eighty-two percent (272) of the 2006 outbreaks occurred in LTCFs and 8% (26) in hospitals. For healthcare facilities overall, 7,907 patients and 4,317 staff members became ill; 207 patients and 20 staff members were hospitalized. Sixteen patients died, but the causes of death were not reported. Outbreaks tripleFor example, in reviewing evidence from 24 states that reported at least five AGE outbreaks in 2005 and 2006, the CDC found that outbreaks overall more than tripled, from 372 in 2005 to 1,316 in 2006. Fifty-eight percent (762) of the outbreaks were in LTCFs.
Nikola Tesla, Rimac cars, Greyp electric bicycles, Nikola Tesla EV Rally, ecology… instead of building and covering the whole of Croatia, especially tourist destinations, with electric charging stations and branding the “Green Electric Highway” with charging stations as pointed out by Igor Kolovrat, organizer of the unique Nikola Tesla Rally, who created the most beautiful and quietest rally in the world by gathering over 60 Tesla vehicles in one place, we still don’t see the potential in this whole electric story.Instead of being the first in Europe, we are still inert, honoring some exceptions such as the island of Rab. This year, charging stations for electric cars and bicycles have been set up on the island of Rab, four of them to be precise. Electric bicycle chargers have been installed at two locations, at the sports hall “PC Mali Palit” (as well as one charging station for electric vehicles) and at the Hostel “Rab” in the center of Rab, while in the center of Rab near the hotel Arbiana two Tesla EV supercharge.Admittedly, it is still too small and too slow, but every step forward should be praised, including this one on the example of the island of Rab.By the way, the only real infrastructure for fast charging is Tesla’s, in the form of Tesla Superchargers, of which there are currently six chargers in Croatia. Soon more cities should get Tesla Superchargers, and Tesla in Croatia has more than a hundred Destination Chargers that are slightly weaker.Too little and too slow. Again, we give the opportunity for someone else who will be faster and more skilful to take the title of “Earth of Electricity”, but when the world does not connect Croatia with a tie, pen, parachute, or even Tesla, then we should not be too surprised when we talk about “Green electric highway”.By the way, eighty-five percent of tourists come to Croatia by car, and the number of electric vehicles in the world last year increased by 54%, to about 3,1 million. Someone should turn on a light and connect two and two. Electric vehicles are not a trend, but the present and the future. It’s all up to us, is it time for me to finally be first in something?We have to respect ourselves, and if we don’t fight on our own in a competitive market, surely no one else will help us but just applaud and exploit our inertia.
Trade war scenario Potential trade war between USA and ChinaPotential trade war between USA and EUItaly’s entry into the 2019 recessionBREXIT The USA has artificially initiated growth and such growth is not sustainable. There is a constant danger of recession. Healthy growth requires orderly trade relations with the two largest partners, China and the EU. China is also slowing growth under the influence of sanctions imposed by the United States. Climate change is further affecting the economy, especially natural disasters that cause huge financial damage. Climate change and all the above circumstances also affect tourism. That is why we have a slow flow of tourist travel reservations at the moment. Croatia is not the only one affected by this problem, but the fact is that more expensive sales are more expensive. Competition takes advantage of this moment of economic weakness and redirects tourist flows through a policy of low prices. Former losers like Egypt and Turkey are back on the scene again. THE PROBLEM OF ITALY ITB Berlin Convention 2019 – ITB Future Day – Prof. Dr. Roland Conrady, Scientific Director of the ITB Berlin Convention, Worms University of Applied Sciences; Stephen Kaufer, Co-Founder, President & CEO, TripAdvisor: “CEO Keynote Interview” (ltr) twenty years without GDP growthin terms of GDP, Italy is at the very bottom of the EU alongside Greecewith the cessation of growth, Italy lost much of its share of the international marketThe Italian government does not want to cooperate with other EU member statesPublic debt growth because there is no GDP growth and the public service does not meet its needs from higher taxes PREDICTIONS The results of the research show that since the second half of 2018, the growth of the economy of the entire EU zone has slowed down. After a long period of growth, this slowdown delays planned investments, “slows down” consumption and creates fear of a new “2009” year. The following events give an additional feeling of insecurity: This year, the ITB Congress is taking place in a new space, a specially built congress center with halls that can accommodate 800 participants. The Congress has 105 thematic events, while 65% of the keynote speakers are from the field of top management. The congress is attended by 28.000 participants, and the main titles of the lectures and panels are “Future day”, “Destination day”, “ITB mice forum”, “ITB business travel forum”, “ITB young professionals day”, “ITB deep dive sessions”, ” ITB is a travel world day ”. Climate change and the challenge of sustainabilityThe future of mobility and new transport solutionsOvertourism and management measuresNew luxury, intangibles BREXIT In the event of a trade war between the US and the EU, the US would lose that war because although they import more goods than they export to the EU, exports of US services to the EU are significantly higher and the overall foreign trade balance is in the US. If the USA introduces customs duties on the import of goods, the EU could introduce special taxes on services from the USA, and this would affect significant digital platforms, Internet services, and the digital industry that exports its services to the EU. The USA would get the “thick end” there, but the tourism sector would also be at a loss. However, the downsides of the Italian economy are: Slowing economic growth and “leaning” towards recession The ups and downs of tourist demand occur as one of the first consequences of global economic trends, and these trends are again the result of the conduct of certain policies of the largest players in the global economy. Therefore, to understand the direction in which tourism is moving, we must first understand the economic circumstances. These circumstances are read at the very beginning of the new trend, and it started in the second half of 2018. Prof. Dr.Dr.hc Clemens Fuerst, Director of the IFO Institute for Economic Research, University of Munich presented the results of their research. Research is conducted constantly, continuously. Among other things, each month the IFO Institute processes 10.000 surveys completed by key people in the industry. From Berlin, from the ITB fair for HrTurizam.hr – Nedo Pinezić, www.nedopinezic.com The Italian economy is ten times stronger than the Greek one and has its advantages: Now, why do the British complicate things? Because of Northern Ireland. The protracted bloody war between Ireland and Northern Ireland and the United Kingdom, respectively, has come to an end largely thanks to the removal of the solid borders between Northern Ireland and Ireland. After BREXIT, the border must be re-established between Ireland – a member of the EU and Northern Ireland, ie Great Britain – a non-member of the EU. An intermediate solution by setting a sea border between Northern Ireland and the UK is not realistic and could cause new political problems. It is predicted that BREXIT without an agreement would surely lead the EU and the United Kingdom into recession. So there is hope that this will not happen. CONDITIONAL BOOM USA AND OTHER THREATS Tourism is a reflection, a reflex, of overall economic relations The solution for Italy is either an increase in taxes or an increase in GDP, ie economic reform and the launch of new export potentials. If this does not happen, and the only thing that can happen in the short term, the tax increase will not happen, Italy will “slip” into recession. If the crisis deepens, according to the Greek scenario, there is a danger of refinancing Italy’s 300 billion public debt every year. With China and the USA, things look quite the opposite. China has a large foreign trade surplus with the US so in the event of a trade war China would be at a big loss. Therefore, there is hope that there will be no war and that these tensions will end with negotiations that must lead to a balance of relations. Photo: ITB Berlin The main topics that this year’s congress deals with through numerous events are: employment has steadily increased over the past twenty yearsItaly has no foreign trade deficitIt is fiscally consolidated The main question with BREXIT is whether leaving the EU by the UK will happen without an agreement or by mutual consent. The deadline is approaching the end of March and can be extended until the end of June at the latest. If there is no agreement then there will be difficulties in regulating mutual relations. Tourism will feel new barriers in air transport and a new border regime. The IFO Institute predicts that the tourism model will change in the near future for all the above reasons. The growth of eco-tourism and local, regional travel is predicted. France is also approaching the area of recession, and Germany has a big problem with the car industry. In the case of raising customs barriers for the import of European cars to the USA, this situation could worsen sharply.
Special recognition for 10 leading accommodation facilities in the world was given to three Croatian ones in the following categories: “Champion’s Breakfast” – apartments villa “Harmonie” Crikvenica, “Best Host” – holiday house “Ankora” Skradin, and “Warmest Welcome” – Aparthotel Bellevue Trogir Preferred types of accommodation Guesthouse Aljmaš What does the vice president of Booking.com say? In Croatia, the award was given to 34.027 facilities of all types with a total average rating of 9,0, which, along with New Zealand, which carries the same average rating, is the highest average guest rating in the world. Split is in third place just after Rome and Saint Petersburg, Zadar is in 16th and Dubrovnik in 20th. According to the number of awards received, in 2018 Croatia was on the 6th place in the world list. Hotel Kompas Dubrovnik Croatian hosts among the top 10 in the world 2018. Croatian hosts 6th in the world! “Regardless of the type, size or location of the accommodation facility, we have noticed with our guests that they truly appreciate the element of human warmth during their trip, whether it is extra attention to detail or a truly individualized approach to the service.”Said Olivier Grémillon, Booking.com vice president. “With these awards we celebrate and think of all the great accommodation providers who create special travel experiences for our guests every day.” When it comes to the most hospitable types of accommodation, travelers from Croatia prefer the experience of staying in hotels, holiday homes, apartments and villas. For the second year in a row, apartments are the most awarded type of accommodation and make up more than a third (36%) of awarded facilities in the world in 2018. In fact, while hotels are the second most awarded type of accommodation, almost three quarters (73%) of all awarded facilities are houses, apartments and other unique accommodation facilities, including boats, iglue, accommodation with the host and the country house. Also for the second year in a row, in 2018, four of the five most awarded types of accommodation belong to accommodation options: Apartments (269.649), hotels (148.913), private accommodation (78.574), bed and breakfasts (66.697) and cottages (56.303). NO # 2 / SMALL SCHOOL ON CONTEMPORARY TOURISM TRENDS: USA AND EU SUPPORT DIGITAL ECONOMY DESPITE TRADE CONFLICTS In 2015, as part of the annual Guest Review Award, Booking.com guests evaluated 280.000 accommodation facilities in 196 countries around the world. In Croatia, 9.310 hosts received this award with an average score of 8,9 out of 10. Based on the share of facilities that won the award in 2018, Booking.com is discovering for the first time the most hospitable places in the world according to traveler reviews. Austria, the Czech Republic, Poland, New Zealand, Taiwan, Romania, Hungary, Ireland, Serbia and Greece are the most hospitable countries with the highest percentage of awarded facilities. ‘Guest Review 2016’ NO1 # SMALL SCHOOL ON CONTEMPORARY TRENDS IN TOURISM: WORLD TRENDS IN FAMILY, “PRIVATE” ACCOMMODATION The most hospitable destinations in Croatia are Slunj, Korenica, Plitvice Lakes, Otočac, Rakovica, Skradin, Osijek, Zagreb, Split, Rovinj. This is especially important for 72% of travelers from Croatia who say that friendly and interesting locals are one of the most important factors when choosing a destination for their next trip. Related news: The best hosts in the world Nirvana Apartments and Rooms According to the above, it is evident that Croatian family accommodation is among the highest quality in the world and that it follows demand trends. In the seventh edition of this annual award, 759.845 facilities in a total of 219 countries and territories receive the award, with the countries with the most awards being Italy (106.513), Spain (46.646), France (45.286), Germany (36.042), and the United States (35.626). , Croatia (34.027), the United Kingdom (31.206), the Russian Federation (26.729), Poland (26.572) and Brazil (24.477). The trend continues in 2019… The most hospitable places “The best family accommodation” in 2018. The highest average grade for Croatian hosts To be continued… In Croatia, 12.219 facilities of all types received an award with an average guest rating of 8.9. As many as 31 facilities received the highest 10 points, which proves the efforts of the hosts who want to provide their guests with an unforgettable vacation. The ‘Guest Review 2016’ award is based on more than 110 million user ratings covering 355.535 facilities in 205 countries each year. Traveler ratings brought the most awards to Italy (18.037), the United Kingdom (16.514), Austria (12.659), Greece (12.439), Croatia (12.219) and Poland (10.399). Author: Nedo Pinezić, www.nedopinezic.com / Cover photo: Booking.com Of course, it is the hosts who understand their role as an obligation to entertain the guest in the manner of a best friend. OTA platforms such as Booking.com, Airbnb and the like have a great deal of credit for improving family accommodation in Croatia. Much larger than domestic institutions that should be more engaged on this issue. Finally, it is unfortunate that in the world Croatian hosts enjoy praise and in Croatia insults. This does not go to the credit of those who make unfounded assessments and accidentally or intentionally spread an ugly image of Croatian hosts of family accommodation. Prima Luxury Rooms The continuing interest of travelers to experience a diverse range of unique stays can also be seen in the results of a recent survey by Booking.com among 21.500 travelers from 29 countries, including 500 respondents from Croatia, who emphasizes that in 2019 almost half of travelers from Croatia (45% ) preferred to stay in private accommodation (holiday home or apartment) than in a hotel. In addition, more than a quarter of travelers from Croatia (27%) say they would consider adding their home to the accommodation booking page during the next year accommodation booking page. With 33% of travelers from Croatia who also want to stay in 2019 in a type of accommodation that they have never tried before, consumer demand in this segment still remains high. Guesthouse Barica