On the first day of the budget session of the Bihar legislature, a Bharatiya Janata Party MLA crawled from his home to the State Assembly to demand construction of a road in his constituency in West Champaran district.The MLA, Vinay Bihari, who represents Lauriya constituency, crawled wearing only a vest and a pair of shorts, and by the time he reached the gate of the Assembly, his knees were bruised and bleeding.“I have requested [chief minister] Nitish Kumar, [deputy chief minister] Tejaswi Yadav and even [Union transport minister] Nitin Gadkari, asking them to get a road constructed in my constituency, but nothing has happened so far,” Mr. Bihari told reporters.
By-elections to the Dholpur Assembly constituency in Rajasthan and the Bhoranj Assembly constituency in Himachal Pradesh will be held on April 9.According to the Election Commission’s announcement, notification for the by-polls will be issued on March 14 and nominations will be accepted till March 21. Counting of votes will take place on April 13.While the Dholpur seat fell vacant three months ago following the disqualification of Bahujan Samaj Party MLA B.L. Kushwah upon his conviction in a murder case, by-poll in Bhoranj has been necessitated because of the death of senior Bharatiya Janata Party MLA Ishwar Dass Dhiman.Matter of prestigeThe Dholpur by-election will be a matter of prestige for the ruling BJP and the Opposition Congress as its result will be treated as a reflection of people’s opinion on the BJP government’s performance during the last three years.Dholpur happens to be the home turf of Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje as she was married to Hemant Singh of the town’s erstwhile ruling family.Ever since the Assembly seat fell vacant, Ministers holding different portfolios have been visiting the district to review the progress of welfare schemes and organising public hearings to resolve people’s grievances.Significantly, the BJP has since inducted Mr. Kushwah’s wife Shobharani into the party. There is speculation that she may be fielded as the party’s candidate, even though former legislators Abdul Sagir Khan and Jaswant Singh Gujjar are among the strong contenders for the ticket.While the BSP may find it difficult to retain the Dholpur seat in the absence of an “acceptable face”, the Congress will be projecting the by-poll as a virtual semi-final for the 2018 Assembly elections. Victory in the by-election will hold out a clear message that the people of the State are unhappy with the BJP and the State government.The Congress is yet to identify a strong candidate with the right caste credentials. District Congress president Ashok Sharma has emerged as a strong contender as he is the son of former MLA Banwarilal Sharma, who was defeated by Mr. Kushwah with a margin of 9,000 votes in the 2013 Assembly polls.Mr. Kushwah’s membership of the State Assembly was terminated after he was convicted and sentenced to life imprisonment on December 8 last year in a 2012 case of “honour killing”. He was charged with getting a man, whom he suspected to be in a relationship with his sister, murdered through a contract killer.Ticket for Dhiman’s son? In Bhoranj, the BJP is likely to field the son of Mr. Dhiman from this reserved constituency and the Congress is still uncertain about its candidate. Mr. Dhiman had represented Bhoranj, which was earlier called Mewa, six times in a row. He was twice the Education Minister of the State in the previous BJP governments of 1998-2003 and 2007-2012.
The Jammu and Kashmir government has told the Centre that it was Delhi-based news television channels which were portraying the State in a negative light and the situation was not that bad in the Valley.The concerns were shared by the J&K officials during a meeting with Union Home Secretary Rajiv Mehrishi, who was in Srinagar to oversee security arrangements for the upcoming Amarnath Yatra.‘Negative coverage’Officials posted in south Kashmir told the Home Secretary that schoolchildren from only 4-5 institutions were involved in throwing stones at security forces and the national media portrayed it as if all the 50,000 school and college students took part in violent acts.The Home Secretary was told that such negative coverage was a “low-cost” measure for Pakistan to stoke further violence in the Valley.Mr. Mehrishi visited Srinagar a day after Lt. Umeer Fayaz was abducted and killed by militants.J&K police officials also said the number of young men joining militancy had remained at 89-90, contrary to perceptions that a large number had joined the terrorist outfits. In 2015, around 60-62 youths were said to be with the Hizbul Mujahideen.Among the locals who took up arms, 38 are under matriculate, 42 matriculate, six graduates, two postgraduates and two with technical education, Mr. Mehrishi was informed.When Mr. Mehrishi visited a CRPF camp in Avantipura, a few jawans expressed unhappiness over the government’s ‘soft approach’ towards protesters, who threw stones at them.
Three infants were reported dead between 12 p.m. and 10 p.m. on Sunday at Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Hospital in Raipur due to alleged disruption in the supply of oxygen. However, the BJP-led State government refuted the allegations.R. Prassanna, Director of Chhattisgarh’s Health Department, said, “It is true that the children have died, but there was no lack of oxygen supply.” However, he conceded that the oxygen supply in the hospital did drop on Sunday. Mr. Prassanna said, “There was a drop in the oxygen pressure at the hospital owing to the mechanic’s laxity. The Chief Medical Officer and the superintendent immediately intervened and resolved the issue. The children died due to some illness.” Ravi Chandra, the operator in charge of monitoring oxygen supply at the hospital, was arrested and suspended “for dereliction of duty”. Health officials claimed Mr. Chandra was sleeping in an inebriated state when there was a drop in oxygen supply at the hospital. Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Raman Singh has ordered an inquiry into the incident, which comes a week after the BJP government in Uttar Pradesh faced criticism over the deaths of infants at a hospital in Gorakhpur owing to lack of oxygen supply. Mr. Singh said, “Those responsible for will not be spared.” The State’s health director and health secretary called a press conference at 12.30 p.m. The health department said in a press statement, “The first death occurred at 12.30 p.m. on Sunday. The infant died as his weight was less than one kilogram and his lungs were not developed. His body was given to relatives at 1 p.m. The second death took place at 1.20 p.m. due to ‘meconium aspiration’ [a respiratory syndrome] and his body was handed over to parents at 2 p.m. The third death took place at 10 p.m. The child suffered from seizures. His body was handed over to parents at 10.30 p.m. Post mortem is not conducted in such cases unless it is a medico-legal case.”
A total of 52 persons were killed and 9,042 civilians injured in protests sparked by the killing of Hizbul Mujahideen commander Burhan Wani in 2016, according to the J&K government.In reply to a question from National Conference legislator Shameema Firdous, J&K Chief Minister Mehbooba Mufti, also State’s Home Minister, informed the Assembly that 9,042 persons were injured between July 2016 till February 2017.Of the 9,042 injured, 368 suffered bullet injuries, 6221 pellet injuries and four persons suffered wounds from pava shells. “Around 2,449 people sustained eye injuries. Fifteen people were permanently disabled and 39 were partially disabled,” said the government.The government also said that 51 persons died in the unrest, which was far less than the figures that emerged then in the media reports, which put the death toll above 90. Similarly, around 15,000 injuries, including security forces, were reported in different hospitals by the media reports in 2016.South Kashmir’s Anantnag and Pulwama saw the maximum number of injuries and deaths.Besdies, the government said, 552 people were detained under the controversial Public Safety Act in 2016. “All of them have been released,” it said.In 2017, 201 more people were detained under the Act. “At least 124 persons were released and 77 still under preventive detention,” it said.“It would not be feasible to disclose the particulars of the detenue, keeping in view their security and the security of their families,” reads the government reply.
A Judicial Magistrate First Class court on Friday granted bail to Kenneth Silveira, 35, who was arrested by the Crime Branch of the Goa Police for allegedly posting fake information about Chief Minister Manohar Parrikar’s “death” on Facebook.He was released on a personal bond of ₹10,000.Mr. Silveira was arrested on Wednesday night, a day after he allegedly put up the post saying Mr. Parrikar, who is undergoing treatment in the U.S., was “no more”.An FIR was filed after a local BJP worker submitted a complaint to the police, and Mr. Silveira was arrested, with investigators saying that he was not cooperating with the probe.In a related development, people protested outside the police headquarters here on Friday, accusing the police of trying to muzzle free speech.
Pune: In a blow to Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) leader and Maharashtra Rural Development Minister Pankaja Munde, her close supporter Ramesh Karad switched sides to join the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) on Wednesday.His move comes days before the biennial elections to the Legislative Council from six local bodies’ constituencies on May 21.According to political observers, the defection was engineered by NCP leader Dhananjay Munde – Ms. Munde’s cousin and bitter rival — who was present when Mr. Karad joined the party at a function in Osmanabad district. Mr. Karad, an important leader from Latur district, was brought into the BJP fold by the late Gopinath Munde. After the latter’s untimely death in a road accident in 2014, Mr. Karad transferred his loyalties to Mr. Munde’s daughter Pankaja.However, Mr. Karad was reportedly miffed with Ms. Munde, and the BJP, after he was refused a ticket in the 2014 Assembly elections. “I had lost my way,” said Mr. Karad referring to his tenure with the saffron party.‘End of political exile’“I was with the NCP since its inception in 1999. Then I joined the BJP and therein began my political exile. Today, after rejoining the NCP, my exile is over,” he said.Like a prodigal son, Mr. Karad’s re-entry into the NCP, days before the much anticipated biennial elections to the Legislative Council marks a setback for the BJP as he is an influential leader in the Beed- Latur-Osmanabad belt.“The BJP has slighted its true party workers. It has not given supporters of Gopinath Munde like Mr. Karad their due,” Dhananjay Munde, Leader of Opposition (LoP) in the Legislative Council, said at the function.Biennial elections will be held for the Raigad-Ratnagiri-Sindhudurg, Nashik, Wardha-Chandrapur-Gadchiroli, Parbhani-Hingoli, Amravati and Osmanabad-Latur-Beed seats.The NCP has staked its claim to the Osmanabad-Latur-Beed seat after senior Congress leader Dilip Deshmukh, brother of late Union Minister Vilasrao Deshmukh, expressed reluctance to contest again after serving three terms.Munde vs MundeThe move to bring back Mr. Karad is seen by observers as yet another step on Dhananjay Munde’s part to checkmate his estranged cousin.The bitter feud between the cousins snowballed during the 2009 Maharashtra Assembly elections when Gopinath Munde decided to field his daughter, Pankaja from the Parli Assembly constituency, which prompted Dhananjay Munde, to break away and cast his lot with Sharad Pawar’s NCP.Since then, besides vying for the political supremacy of Beed district, the rivalry between the Munde cousins has extended to the control of the Vaidyanath sugar factory in the district as well.
An intruder has been shot dead by the security forces guarding the house of former Chief Minister and National Conference president Farooq Abdullah in Jammu on Saturday morning.”The intruder breached the main gate and went inside. He had a scuffle with the duty officers there. The duty officer was also injured. After that, he entered the residence. There has been some sort of damage to the articles over there. Subsequently, he was shot dead,” said Senior Superintendent of Police, Jammu, Vivek Gupta.According to the police, it was a case of forced entry, and the intruder was not carrying any weapons.The private residence of Mr. Abdullah is in Jammu’s Bathindi area. The police said it’s investigating the matter. The area has been sealed and the searches have been launched. Mr. Abdullah’s son Omar Abdullah, also former chief and NC vice-president, wrote on Twitter that the initial reports suggest the intruder was able to gain entry through the front door and into the upper lobby of the house.”Further details are awaited as the security personnel carry out the anti-sabotage checks and ascertain the background of the person who was able to force his way in to the house,” Omar Abdullah wrote on Twitter.
After Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, an orphanage for girls in eastern Assam’s Sivasagar is under the scanner for alleged sexual exploitation of its minor inmates.On Monday, a rights activist and an NGO filed separate cases of sexual abuse at the local police station against one Parag Goswami, who runs a registered orphanage named Swapnalaya in Joysagar area.The cases were filed after three girls of the orphanage escaped around 11.30 p.m. on Sunday. Rights activist Farid Islam Hazarika helped them take shelter at a facility of the Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited before registering an FIR against the orphanage’s owner and administrator, Geeta Kakati.Demand for stern actionA civil society organisation called Oikya Mancha too filed an FIR. “The police must take stern action against these as a deterrent for others,” the NGO’s general secretary Rajib Gogoi said.The three girls said most of the girls at the orphanage were being sexually abused and assaulted for resisting advances. They said a few girls had tried to escape earlier but were taken back to the orphanage and beaten until submission.“We have asked the district administration and the police to investigate and take action accordingly. We cannot allow children to be exploited and robbed of their childhood,” Pramila Rani Brahma, Assam’s Social Welfare Minister, told The Hindu.Sivasagar SP Subodh K. Sonowal could not provide the number of girls in the orphanage, but said his officers were probing the case. “We have made no arrests so far,” he said, adding that the police have been tied up with the disappearance of a five-member family whose car fell into the Dikhow river four days ago.A Navy team that arrived on Monday from Visakhapatnam joined the search operation on Tuesday. The car, presumably with the bodies inside, is yet to be recovered.
Less than two months after a Meghalaya tribal council tabled a Bill to strip a Khasi woman married to a non-Khasi man of her tribal status, an apex students’ body in Arunachal Pradesh has sought to draw up a list of people with Scheduled Tribe certificates despite not carrying pure tribal blood.The list, to be prepared in two months, would be handed over to the Pema Khandu government for framing a law preventing people who are not technically Arunachal Pradesh Scheduled Tribe (APST) from enjoying benefits meant for the State’s indigenous tribes.A non-APST person can either be a non-tribal, or a tribal not originally from or not recognised as a tribal in Arunachal Pradesh.On Sunday, leaders of the influential All Arunachal Pradesh Students’ Union (AAPSU) said that they had a meeting with 49 community-based organisations to arrive at the decision of identifying and preparing a list of every person born to an APST woman and non-APST man, but possessing an APST certificate to enjoy all the benefits it entails. Representatives of the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and the regional People’s Party of Arunachal (PPA) were present at the meeting too.The community-based organisations and district units of AAPSU would carry out the survey for preparing the list.“Being a sensitive issue, we sought the opinion of all community-based organisations before arriving at this decision. Everyone has agreed this is a very dangerous issue that can kill the society from within,” AAPSU president Hawa Bagang said.The union’s general secretary Tobom Dai said that the move should not be seen as curbing the rights of an APST woman from marrying whoever she likes. “The issue is not about the choice of a woman but about lineage. There should be a set of rules so that our indigenous rights are protected,” he said.The AAPSU said adopted children would also come under the purview of the drive in the interest of the indigenous peoples. “We will look into the legal aspects and hold more consultations before pursuing the matter with the government,” Mr. Bagang said.The AAPSU had in August launched a controversial operation to drive out illegal migrants who “might have sneaked into” Arunachal Pradesh after the publication of the complete National Register of Citizens (NRC) draft in adjoining Assam.More than 4 million of the 32.9 million applicants had been left out of the NRC triggering “infiltration” fears among insular communities in Assam’s neighbourhood. Like the AAPSU, students’ unions in Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Nagaland launched drives to check documents of people visiting their States in a bid to keep “unwanted” people away.
The Indian National Lok Dal on Wednesday expelled party’s general secretary and former member of Parliament Ajay Chautala from the party. The party’s Haryana president Ashok Arora announced the expulsion here during a press conference. “Party has decided to expel Mr. Ajay Chautala from the primary membership of the party as he has been involved in anti-party activities,” said Mr. Arora adding that “Mr. Chautala also stands expelled from the post of secretary general of the party.” Amid ongoing feud in the Chautala family, which steers the Indian National Lok Dal in Haryana, Dushyant Chautala, who is INLD MP from Hisar seat and son of Ajay Chautala had last week alleged that a conspiracy has been hatched to throw him out from the party and break the party.Earlier, an official statement on behalf of INLD national president Om Prakash Chautala had said that Dushyant Chautala and Digvijay Singh — both sons of Mr. Ajay Chautala — have been expelled from the primary membership of the party for indulging in ”indiscipline” during the birthday celebrations of Chaudhary Devi Lal on October 7 at the rally in Gohana.With widening rift between Ajay Chautala and his younger brother Abhay Singh Chautala, who is currently leader of Opposition in Haryana Assembly, a meeting of former MPs, MLAs and other office bearers has been called by Mr. Ajay Chautala on November 17 to announce about a future course of action.
The ruling Sikkim Democratic Front (SDF) plans to field new faces in 50 per cent seats in the upcoming assembly polls in Sikkim, Chief Minister Pawan Kumar Chamling said. The party also proposes to give 30 per cent tickets to women, he told reporters on Thursday. There are 32 Assembly seats in Sikkim where the Assembly polls were last held in April, 2014. Mr. Chamling, who is also the SDF president, said the party will declare its candidates soon after the announcement of poll dates by the Election Commission. The 68-year-old chief minister said he will contest from Namchi-Singhithang constituency in south Sikkim.“Why should I change my constituency? I have been contesting from this seat for the past 40 years. It is for the eighth time that I will be contesting from Namchi,” he said. On the Yangang-Rangang Assembly constituency, which the SDF lost in the 2014 bypoll after the CM had vacated the seat following his victory from two constituencies, Mr. Chamling said the SDF will win from the seat this time.“I regret the fact that my party lost that seat. Even the people are regretting. This time the party and the local people will work in tandem to win Yangang-Rangang seat,” he said. The chief minister’s younger brother, R N Chamling, had won from the Yangang-Rangang as an independent candidate. The SDF chief said that the people of urban areas have realised that they want peace and security and not unrest but in the end, it is up to them to decide who they want as their representative in the Assembly. Speaking at another event on Thursday, Mr. Chaming said providing peace, security and a tranquil environment in the border state had been the most significant achievement of the SDF government. The good governance of the SDF has ensured that the border state remained untouched by violence of any kind, the chief minister said. Mr. Chamling said that business activities flourished in Sikkim and the state capital in particular due to the prevalence of peace and tranquility.
High alert was sounded across Gujarat on Tuesday after India successfully carried out a “non-military pre-emptive” strike targeting a training camp of the Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) at Balakot in Pakistan.Chief Minister Vijay Rupani said the alert was sounded after the Air Force carried out strikes in Pakistan targeting the terror base.“Gujarat is a border State and we are on high alert. We have put all the police personnel on duty and their holidays have been cancelled,” Mr. Rupani said after a function in the Saurashtra region.Director General of Police Shivanand Jha issued high alert across the border districts of Kutch, Banaskantha and Patan even as all District Superintendents of Police and Range Inspector Generals of Police were asked to remain stationed at their respective headquarters.Three border districts — Patan, Banaskantha and Kutch in particular — have been put on high alert, with the Indian Air Force on high alert at its air defence systems across the western border with Pakistan.“Coastal districts have also been put on high alert,” Mr. Jha stated, adding that security had been beefed up across the State.Gujarat shares a long international land and coastal border with Pakistan. The State is seeking to prevent any infiltration attempts, especially through border districts of Kutch, Banaskantha and Patan.Meanwhile, a suspected drone was reportedly shot down by the Air Force at Kutch. However, there was no official word regarding the incident.
A newly-wed couple was set on fire in a village in Ahmednagar district earlier this month, following opposition to their inter-caste love marriage.According to the police, 23-year-old Mangesh Ransing, and his wife Rukmini (19), were doused in kerosene and set on fire in Ahmednagar’s Nighoj village by three of Rukmini’s relatives — including her father and two uncles — on May 1 in Nighoj village, 90 km from here.While the girl’s father, Rama Bhartiya, is absconding, her uncles, Surendra Bhartiya and Ghanshyam Saroj have been arrested by the Parner police. An FIR has been lodged against all three.The victims were later taken for treatment at the Sassoon General Hospital in Pune where Rukmini Ransing, who sustained more than 70% burns, succumbed to her injuries on Sunday night.Speaking to The Hindu, Assistant Police Inspector Vijaykumar Botre of Parner police station said that Mangesh and Rukmini were married around six months ago amid strong opposition from the girl’s relatives, who vehemently objected to the inter-caste marriage.On April 30, Rukmini had to come to her paternal home following a minor domestic quarrel with her husband.“When Mangesh arrived to take her back the following day, Rukmini’s relatives refused. A heated altercation ensued after which Mangesh was brutally assaulted by Rukmini’s father and his two uncles. The trio then doused the newlyweds with kerosene and set them on fire,” said API Botre.According to him, neighbours rushed them to a nearby hospital after hearing their screams. They were later taken to Sassoon Hospital for further treatment.A case under sections 302 (murder) and 307 (attempted murder) of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) had been registered, said API Botre, adding that further investigations were on.This is not the first time Ahmednagar has witnessed caste-related killings.In 2013, three Dalit youths — Sachin Gharu (24), Sandeep Thanvar (25) and Rahul Kandare (20) — were brutally murdered, and their mutilated body parts scattered in a septic tank and a dried-up well Ahmednagar’s Sonai village.
If you like to bet on fights, take heed: Chameleons with the brightest markings usually win. In lab studies pitting one male veiled chameleon (Chamaeleo calyptratus, pictured) against another, researchers looked at how aggression and fighting abilities correlated with the brightness of 28 different patches on various parts of the lizards’ bodies, as well as how quickly those patches brightened or changed color. Videos showed that during the first phase of an encounter—from a distance, when males typically provide opponents with a good look at their sides—the male with the brightest stripes on its side was more likely to make the first move toward its opponent. Once foes were in close proximity and face-to-face, the male with the brightest patches on its head usually won the fight. How quickly the head patches brightened was also important, the researchers report online today in Biology Letters. The faster the flash, the more often that male bested its foe. It’s not yet clear, the researchers say, but a male’s ability to change color rapidly may be a sign of its ability to quickly ramp up adrenaline and other hormones needed to take on an opponent successfully—and that wimpier chameleons learn to recognize this.See more ScienceShots.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)
Just when you thought it was safe to go back in the (prehistoric) water, researchers have identified the fossilized remains of a 310-million-year-old shark nursery in Illinois. One of the earliest close relatives of modern-day sharks, Bandringa (pictured in an artist’s representation above, with its sensitive spoon-billed snout) was a bottom dweller, analogous to today’s sawfish, that lived in an ancient river delta and probably fed by suction feeding, vacuuming prey directly into its downward-facing jaws. Discovered in 1969, Bandringa was previously believed to be two separate species—B. rayi and B. herdinae—with one living in shallow oceans and the other in freshwater swamps. By reevaluating 24 fossil specimens (inset)—including latex peels taken to enhance the extinct shark’s scaly skin—researchers have revealed online today in the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology that Bandringa was really one species that lived in both environments at different times of life. Apparent variations between the two “species” actually represent different preservation processes acting in freshwater and marine conditions—better fossilizing soft tissue and bones/cartilage, respectively. The marine specimens were all juveniles, about 4 to 6 inches long, and were found alongside egg cases—together forming the first known example of a shark nursery. In contrast, adult Bandringa fossils, which could reach up to 10 feet in length, have only been unearthed from freshwater surroundings. The scientists believe this is evidence of the earliest known example of shark migration to or from a spawning ground. The behavior is still seen in some sharks today, but they all move in the opposite direction, from marine water to fresh water.See more ScienceShots.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)
The Indian diaspora is a source of valuable foreign exchange, mainly through NRI (non-resident Indian) deposits and remittances to family back home. Related Items
The Coca-Cola Scholars Foundation earlier this month announced the 2018 Coke Scholars class, with several Indian American and South Asian American students among the recipients.In total, the foundation named 150 students as 2018 Scholars, with each receiving a $20,000 college scholarship. Read it at India West Related Items
They won here on the last tour in 2014 but arrived this time trailing 1-0 and with Trent Bridge, where England are so strong, around the corner.India had to win here because, as we’ve seen when England have been away from home, when you get on a downward slope, it’s very hard to turn that around.Read it at BBC Related Items
The number of Indian students coming to the UK has risen for the first time in recent years after a steady downward spiral, figures released on Thursday by the Higher Education Statistics Agency showed.From a high of 39,090 students in 2010-11 to a low of 16,550 in 2016-17, the number is on the upswing with 19,750 in 2017-18, according to HESA.Read it at Hindustan Times Related Items